Midori

A webkit-based web browser

Author: Brian Gordon <bpgordon@umd.edu>
Date: Fri, 10 Dec 2010 10:59:10 -0500
Description:User documentation for Midori 0.2.9
Version: 0.1

Copyright (C) 2010

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

Images of the Software are made available under the GNU Lesser General Public License. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Lesser General Public License.

The "RSS feed icon" is Copyright (C) Mozilla Foundation and made available under the GNU Lesser General Public License. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Lesser General Public License.

Contents

Introduction

Having as many options out there as possible is for the best. That way there's always competition between the developers to put out the best product. Look at what competition did to IE. Firefox came in, took a chunk out of IE and Microsoft turned around and really tightened up the browser. ... Competition drives innovation.

—Jeremy Duenas, Web developer1

Welcome to the user manual for Midori! Midori is a Webkit-based alternative web browser focused on being lightweight and feature-complete.2 Midori is an exciting project that has experienced astonishing growth in the last few years, and this manual is the latest development in the project’s ongoing maturity.

This manual is intended to consolidate information about Midori from many sources into a clear, illustrated, and easily-readable document. Although presumably you know how to use a web browser because you are reading this text, this manual will make few additional assumptions about the reader’s technical knowledge so that it can be of assistance to as wide an audience as possible. Some technical terms are used for the sake of precision; please see the glossary if you are in doubt.

Whether you are consulting this manual seeking a specific answer, browsing to find shortcuts or other hints, or simply looking for images of Midori in action, you should be able to find what you need directly from the table of contents.

Enjoy, and remember that the Midori community welcomes questions at any time.

License

Midori is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Lesser General Public License.

Getting Midori

Windows

For Windows users the easiest way to get Midori is to download the installer from <http://www.twotoasts.de/media/Midori-0.2.6_setup.exe>.

Double-click the installer and proceed through the automated installation process. The default installation options should be sufficient if you're not sure which options to select. Simply press "Next" until the process is complete. When the installer program exits, you will find a shortcut to Midori in your All Programs menu. Click this shortcut to start Midori.

Other

Most Linux users will want to install Midori through their system's package manager. Debian,3 Ubuntu,4 Fedora,5 and openSUSE6 are known to include Midori in their official repositories.

Advanced users can compile Midori from source code. Download the latest source release from <http://archive.xfce.org/src/apps/midori/>. Follow the following procedure to extract, compile, and install Midori:

$ tar -xjf midori-0.2.9.tar.bz2
$ cd midori-0.2.9
$ ./configure
$ make
$ su
# make install

Note that Midori depends on GTK+ 2.10, WebkitGTK+ 1.1.1, libXML2, libsoup 2.25.2, and sqlite 3.0.7

Program interface

Speed dial

./images/home.png

This is the screen that you will see when you launch Midori for the first time and, by default, when you create a new tab. The boxes in the center of the screen are "speed dial" shortcuts which can be set to frequently-visited websites. When you start the browser or open a new tab, the speed dial will open so that you can immediately access your favorite websites.

To set a speed dial shortcut, click on the blank rectangle. Enter the address of the website you wish to add and give it a title when prompted.

Click on the pencil icon to rename an existing speed dial shortcut. Click on the red X icon to remove an existing speed dial shortcut.

The size and number of speed dial shortcuts visible can be customized using the controls at the top of the speed dial area. The number of speed dial shortcuts should be given in the format 3x4 where in this example 3 is the number of columns and 4 is the number of rows.

Toolbars

./images/toolbars.png

The toolbars are always visible at the top of the browser window. The toolbars, proceeding from top to bottom, are:

Menu bar
Contains the pulldown menus across the top of the browser window. This toolbar is visible by default.
Navigation bar
Features large buttons for navigating the history, browsing to a new website, opening the sidepanel, and searching the Web. This toolbar is visible by default.
Bookmarks bar
Contains bookmarks that you want to be accessible at all times with a single click. This toolbar is hidden by default. The bookmarks bar can be enabled through the View menu.
Tab bar
Lists every tab that is currently open. This toolbar is enabled by default. The tab bar will appear when you open another tab, although this setting can be changed in the interface preferences.
Transfer bar (not visible in the above image)
Lists ongoing and recently completed file downloads. This toolbar is enabled by default. The transfer bar will appear when downloading.

All five toolbars can be hidden from the View menu. If you hide the Menu bar then a new icon will appear at the end of the Navigation bar with identical submenus.

The following sections examine the toolbars in more detail:

Bookmarks bar

To add a bookmark to the bookmarks bar, when you add a bookmark select the option "show in the tool bar."

Tab bar

Like most modern web browsers, Midori features a tabbed interface that lets you have multiple web pages open at once. You can browse separately in each tab, and each tab has its own history.

Click on a tab to bring it to the foreground. You can click and drag tabs to rearrange them. Clicking the red X on the tab will close the tab. You can also middle-click a tab to close it. Middle-clicking an empty area of the tab bar will open a new tab.

There are several useful options available on the context menu for each tab. To bring up this menu, simply right-click on the tab. Some items of interest on this menu:

Open in new window
Brings up the selected tab's address in a new Midori window. The tab's history is not preserved.
Duplicate tab
Creates an identical tab in the current window and brings the new tab to the foreground. The tab's history is preserved.
Show tab icon only
Minimizes the tab to only display an icon. This will change to "Show tab label" when selected.
Show tab label
Maximizes the tab to also show the tab label. This will change to "Show tab icon only" when selected.

The tab bar is by default only visible when more than one tab is open. (See interface preferences.)

Transfer bar

The transfer bar will appear when downloading files.

Sidepanel

Open the sidepanel by pressing F9 or clicking the paragraph icon next to the address box. Icons at the top of the sidepanel let you choose its position, give the sidepanel its own window, and close the sidepanel.

Extensions

All 17 extensions for Midori are already installed; to enable an extension, check the box next to it in this panel. Plugins such as Flash Player will also appear in this list.

There is no direct way to configure an extension from the Extensions panel. Typically, configurable extensions will add a new menu option where they can be configured. For example, when you enable the Ad blocker extension, a new item "Configure advertisement filters" appears in the Tools menu.

One extension allows you to control the browser with quick mouse gestures. A diagram of each gesture and its function can be found at <http://www.matthiaskruk.de/midori/mouse-gestures.pdf>.

Tasks

Add a bookmark

./images/addbookmark.png

The simplest way to add a bookmark is to open the bookmarks sidepanel and click the green arrow. You can choose a name for the bookmark, select a bookmark folder, and optionally add it to the speed dial.

Selecting "show in the toolbar" will add the bookmark to the bookmarks bar.

Downloading

To download a file, right-click the link to that file and select "Download link destination." The file transfer will begin and the transfer bar will appear.

Downloaded files are saved to the user's home folder by default, although this can be changed in the general preferences.

Troubleshooting

Autoscrolling doesn't work in X14

Autoscrolling is the feature that lets you click with the middle mouse button and then move your mouse up and down to scroll. This feature is often used by Windows users and missed when it doesn't work in X applications.

Advanced users may have success with adding the following section to their /etc/X11/xorg.conf:

Section "InputDevice"
    Identifier      "Configured Mouse"
    Driver          "mouse"
    Option          "CorePointer"
    Option          "Device"        "/dev/input/mice"
    Option          "Protocol"      "ExplorerPS/2"
    Option          "ZAxisMapping"  "4 5"
    Option          "Emulate3Buttons"       "true"
    Option          "Buttons" "7"
    Option          "ButtonMapping" "1 2 3 6 7"
EndSection

This problem will not occur for Windows users.

Contact

Join the official IRC channel at #midori on irc.freenode.net.

Bugs can be reported at <http://www.twotoasts.de/bugs>.

Appendices

Command line switches

These switches are used as arguments to Midori when it is run from the command line. For example, midori -v

-r, --run file Run the specified filename with the Javascript engine
-a, --app address Run the specified address as a Javascript application
-c, --config folder Use the configuration files in the given folder
-s, --snapshot URI Take a screenshot of the specified URI
-v, --version Show version information and exit.

Configuration files

Filename15 Contents
accels Keyboard shortcuts, GtkAccelMap resource
bookmarks.db This appears to be an sqlite database
config Preferences, text key file
cookies.txt Cookies, stored in plaintext Mozilla cookie format
history.db History, stored as an sqlite database
logins Usernames and passwords stored in plain text
running A file created to track whether Midori quit cleanly
search Search engines, stored as a keyed text file
session.xbel The current or last session. Used to restore open tabs if Midori crashes or is closed.
tabtrash.xbel Used to restore recently closed tabs.

Glossary of terms

Bug
A bug in a program is unintended behavior, including error messages, translation errors, and features not working correctly. They should be reported as soon as possible so that they can be fixed by project developers.
Cache
To speed up the loading of web pages, Midori will temporarily save parts of the web page to the hard drive. The next time you load a similar web page (perhaps on the same website), some of the elements will be taken from the cache instead of being downloaded again.
Cookies
Websites you visit can request to store very small text files on your hard drive to identify you on subsequent visits. This makes it possible for you to remain logged in to web applications like webmail, even after you close and re-open your browser.
Command line
When a program is invoked (run) by name rather than by clicking on it in a desktop environment, it is said to be run from the command line. Additional parameters, called arguments, can typically be specified along with the name of the program to request certain output.
Default
A default option is enabled without special action on the user's part. Unless the user goes out of her way to change something, the application will operate as it was configured by the developers.
Documentation
To document is to make a record or an explanation. In computing, documentation is a collection of materials that explains the expected behavior of a computer program.
URL/URI
Universal Resource Locator and Universal Resource Identifier are closely-related terms that can essentially be taken to be web addresses such as www.google.com.

GNU Free Documentation License

                GNU Free Documentation License
                 Version 1.3, 3 November 2008


 Copyright (C) 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
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10. FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE

The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of the
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[1]Interview
[2](1, 2) http://wiki.xfce.org/midori/faq
[3]http://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=midori
[4]http://packages.ubuntu.com/search?keywords=midori&searchon=names&exact=1&suite=all&section=all
[5]https://admin.fedoraproject.org/pkgdb/applications/Midori
[6]https://build.opensuse.org/package/show?package=midori&project=X11%3Axfce
[7]http://git.xfce.org/apps/midori/tree/README
[8]http://web.archive.org/web/20091028080454/http://www.google.com/support/chrome/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=95464
[9]Interview
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[14]http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=478418&page=2
[15]http://git.xfce.org/apps/midori/tree/docs/user/midori.txt